2016年3月公共英语二级短文理解真题及答案

时间:2016-06-30 编辑:肖兰‍ 手机版

  短文理解

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A.、B.、c.、D.四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Text 1

  Andy lived high in the Rocky Mountains.He hunted(打猎) wild animals there.He also took other men hunting.That was his work.

  One day a letter brought Andy a new job.This job changed both his feeling about animals and his way of hunting.The letter said: "I want to write a story about bighorn sheep.I need pictures to go with my story.Will you get pictures of the sheep for me?"

  Andy' s two sons wanted their father to take the job."We will help you !" they said.Bighorn sheep are very wild.Andy knew it would be hard to get pictures."But why not try?" they said.

  For days, Andy and his sons tried to get pictures.They did not want the sheep to hear them or see them, so they walked softly.They hid behind rocks, but the sheep always ran away.

  Then one day, Andy and his sons walked around a big rock.They met some sheep face to face.But the sheep didn' t run ! "Now I know why the sheep run away," Andy said."They run because we come up behind them.From now on,—— we will stay where they can see us."

  The next day, Andy saw some sheep fight out in the open.He and his sons walked toward them.The men did not try to hide, but they did walk slowly.They knew that any fast move will frighten them away.

  "Don' t look fight at the sheep," Andy said."Wild animals do not like to be looked at.They will run away." The men looked off to this side and to that side, but they walked closer and closer.And soon they were close enough to get good clear pictures.

  They made good friends with the wild sheep and sent many fine pictures to the writer for his story.Since then, they have never hunted the bighorn sheep again.

  21.What was the new job Andy got?

  A 1 to hunt bighorn sheep.

  B.to write a story of bighorn sheep.

  C.to protect bighorn sheep.

  D.to take pictures of bighorn sheep.

  22.What is the right way to get close to bighorn sheep?

  A.Look directly at them.

  B.Walk slowly to their faces.

  C.Run to them from one side.

  D.Follow them from behind.

  23.What did Andy gain from his new job?

  A.He won respect from his children.

  B.He was well paid by the story writer.

  C.He knew better how to use a camera.

  D.He leamed more about bighorn sheep.

  参考译文

  Textl

  安迪住在洛基山的高处。他在山上捕猎野生动物,也带其他人打猎。那是他的工作。

  一天,一封信给安迪带来了一份新的工作。这个工作不但改变了他对动物的看法,也改变了他的狩猎方式。信中写道:“我想写一篇关于大角羊的故事。我需要为故事配上图片。请问你可以为我拍摄大角羊的照片吗?”

  安迪的两个儿子希望父亲接受这份工作。“我们会帮助你的!”他们说。大角羊野性很强。安迪知道给大角羊拍摄照片会很困难。“但是为什么不试试呢?”他的儿子们说。

  几天来。安迪和他的儿子们努力尝试拍摄大角羊的照片。他们不希望被大角羊发现,所以他们走路很轻。他们躲在岩石的后面,但是大角羊总会逃掉。

  然而有一天,安迪和他的儿子们走到一块大岩石附近。他们和几只大角羊撞个正着。但是这些羊并没有逃跑!“现在我知道那些羊为什么跑掉了,”安迪说,“它们逃跑是因为我们悄悄地跟在它们后面。从现在开始。我们就待在它们能看见我们的地方。”

  第二天,安迪看见羊群就站在开阔处。他和他的儿子们朝羊群走过去。他们没有试着躲藏,但是走得非常慢。他们知道只要稍微走快一点都会吓跑羊群。

  “不要直视那些羊,”安迪说,“野生动物不喜欢被盯着看。他们会逃跑的。”他们朝这边看看朝那边瞅瞅,越来越接近羊群。一会儿,他们就走到足够给羊群拍摄清晰照片的位置了。他们跟这些野生羊群成了朋友,还帮那位作家拍摄了很多精彩的照片。从那时起,他们再也没有捕猎过大角羊。

  21.D【精析l细节题。题干意为“安迪得到了一份什么新工作?”文章第二段最后“The letter said:‘l want to write a story about bighorn sheep.1 need pictures to go with my story.Will you get pictures of the sheep for me?”提到,安迪收到了一封信,信中作家请求他帮忙拍摄大角羊的照片。文章的最后一段也提到他们帮作家拍摄了很多照片。故D正确。

  22.B【精析】细节题。题干意为“接近大角羊最好的方法是什么?”根据第七段第一句安迪的口述“Don’t look fight at the sheep,”可知。不能直视羊群,所以排除A。第六段最后一句“They knew that any fast move will frighten them away.”说明走路速度过快也会吓跑羊群,更不用说跑了,所以排除c。第四段最后一句“They hid behind rocks,but the sheep always fan away.”说明跟在羊群后面,羊群也会逃跑,故排除D。结合第五段及第六段内

  容可知,慢慢地从正面接近大角羊是正确的方式,故B正确。

  23.D【精析】归纳题。题干意为“安迪从这份新工作中收获了什么?”文章第一段中提及这份工作带给安迪的变化,最后一段也说明他们和大角羊成了朋友,安迪通过这份工作对大角羊有了更多的了解。A、B、C三项在文中都没有体现,故D正确。

  Text 2

  Everywhere in the world, plants and animals live together.Some animals eat plants they live with, Some plants stay alive because many plant-eating animals have natural enemies that eat them.

  Rich soil for the roots of plants is produced by worms and other very small animals that live underground.Green plants feed animals and people.

  It takes all the plants and animals living together to keep the earth a good place to live in.

  Plants and animals trade with each other.They trade for things they both need to stay alive.

  Animals breathe and the air gets changed inside their bodies.When they breathe the air out again there' s something called carbon((碳) in it.Animals can' t use this air again.But plants need carbon.The plants trade fresh air for the carbon they need.

  Plants make food from carbon and water.They use sunlight for this work, just as a machine uses gas or electricity to keep running.The plants store the food they make inside themselves.

  But what do the plants get in return? Many things.Plants make food from the carbon and other things that come from animals' bodies.Insects like bees carry pollen(花粉) from one flower to another and the pollen forms seeds.Birds and other animals eat the fruit in which seeds grow and often drop the seeds where they can grow up into new plants.So animals help the growth of new prants.

  24.Which of the following is the closest in meaning with "trade with" in paragraph 2 ?

  A.live for

  B.give to and take from

  C.stay with

  D.teach and learn from

  25.What is compared to "electricity" in paragraph 47

  A.Sunlight.

  B.Water.

  C.Air.

  D.Carbon.

  26.What is the main idea of the text?

  A.Living things are connected in nature.

  B.Some animals stay in plants for safety.

  C.Animals and plants are of different types.

  D.Some plants can stay alive by themselves.

2016年3月公共英语二级短文理解真题及答案相关推荐