英语阅读理解记叙文的做题技巧

时间:2016-12-22 编辑:琳钗 手机版

  【导语】为了帮助大家在英语考试中取得好的成绩,应届毕业生小编为大家整理了英语阅读理解记叙文的做题技巧,希望对同学们有所帮助,更多内容尽YJBYS考试网

  记叙文是初中阶段的主要训练内容。记叙文通过写人记事来提示文章的主题。它的题目主要设计为细节问题,它常常与Who,What,when/what time,where,why 即5W 和How 即1How 有关。做记叙文题要从下面几点入手:

  1.纵观全文,列出记叙的要素

  一篇记叙文,要交代清楚人物和事件,就必须交代清楚记叙的要素,即:时间、地点、人物、事件的原因、经过和结果

  2.弄清记叙的顺序

  初中阶段的记叙文多为顺叙

  3.理解记叙的人称

  弄清记叙文中的人称代词指代的对象,有利于更好地理解文意。

  4.找出记叙的线索

  线索是记叙文的纲,抓住线索,就能理顺文章内容,掌握文章结构,更好地理解文章的中心思想。

  5.体会记叙文的表达手法

  记叙文以叙事为主,但有时也运用描写、说明和议论。尤其是要注意夹叙夹议类文章,它的题目往往设计为推理性和总结性题目。

  记叙文:

  Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(录取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.

  In 1849, after graduation from medical school. she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.

  Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.

  1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?

  A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school

  B. She decided to further her education in Paris

  C. A serious eye problem stopped her

  D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States

  2. What main obstacle(障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?

  A. She was a woman.

  B. She wrote too many letters.

  C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school.

  D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.

  3. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?

  A. Eight years B. Ten years C. Nineteen years D. Thirty-six years

  4. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blacekwell except that she ______.

  A. became the first woman physician

  B. was the first woman doctor

  C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children

  D. set up the first medical school for women

  5. Eilzabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in _______.

  A. England B. Paris C. the United States D. New York City

  1-5 CAABC

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