2017年专业英语八级考试翻译训练及答案

时间:2017-05-06 编辑:素萍 手机版

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2017年专业英语八级考试翻译训练及答案

  part 1

  <汉译英>

  中文原文:

  正是因为不停地追求进取,我们才感到生活幸福。一件事完成后,另一件随之而来,如此连绵不绝,永无止境。对于往前看的人来说,眼前总有一番新天地。虽然我们蜗居于这颗小行星上,整日忙于琐事且生命短暂,但我们生来就有不尽的希望,如天上繁星,遥不可及。只要生命犹在,希望便会不止。真正的幸福在于怎样开始,而不是如何结束,在于我们的希翼,而并非拥有。

  参考译文:

  We live in an ascending scale when we live happily, one thing leading to another in an endless series. There is always a new horizon for onward-looking men, and although we dwell on a small planet, immersed in petty business and not enduring beyond a brief period of years, we are so constituted that our hopes are inaccessible, like stars, and the term of hoping is prolonged until the term of life. To be truly happy is a question of how we begin and not of how we end, of what we want and not of what we have.

  An aspiration is a joy for ever, a possession as solid as a landed estate, a fortune which we can never exhaust and which gives us year by year a revenue of pleasurable activity. To have many of these is to be spiritually rich. Life is only a very dull and ill-directed theatre unless we have some interests in the piece; and to those who have neither art nor science, the world is a mere arrangement of colours, or a rough footway where they may very well break their shins.

  参考译文:

  渴望是永远的乐趣,一笔如地产般真实稳固的财富,用之不尽,取之不竭。每年我们都会因为拥有渴望而充满活力。一个人如有许多希望,精神便会富足。人生只不过是一场单调乏味且编导拙劣的戏,除非我们对这戏有些兴趣;对于既没有艺术细胞也没有科学细胞的人来说,这个世界只不过是各种颜色的堆积,或者是一条崎岖小路,一不小心就会摔伤小腿。

  part 2

  Reading is a pleasure of the mind, which means that it is a little like a sport:your eagerness and knowledge and quickness make you a good reader.Reading is fun,not because the writer is telling you something, but because it makes your mind work. Your own imagination works along with the author's or even goes beyond his.Your experience,compared with his, brings you to the same or different conclusions,and your ideas develop as you understand his.

  Every book stands by itself, like a one-family house,but books in a library are like houses in a city. Although they are separate, together they all add up to something;they are connected with each other and with other cities. The same ideas, or related ones, turn up in different places; the human problems that repeat themselves in life repeat themselves in literature, but with different solutions according to different writings at different times.

  Reading can only be fun if you expect it to be. If you concentrate on books somebody tells you you "ought" to read, you probably won't have fun. But if you put down a book you don't like and try another till you find one that means something to you, and then relax with it, you will almost certainly have a good time--and if you become as a result of reading, better, wiser, kinder, or more gentle, you won't have suffered during the process.

  参考译文:

  读书是愉悦心智之事.在这一点上它与运动颇为相似:一个优秀的读者必须要有热情、有知识、有速度。读书之乐并非在于作者要告诉你什么,而在于它促使你思考。你跟随作者一起想像,有时你的想象甚至会超越作者的。把自己的体验与作者的相互比较,你会得出相同或者不同的结论。在理解作者想法的同时,也形成了自己的观点。

  每一本书都自成体系,就像一家一户的住宅,而图书馆里的藏书好比城市里千家万户的居所。尽管它们都相互独立,但只有相互结合才有意义。家家户户彼此相连,城市与城市彼此相依。相同或相似的思想在不同地方涌现。人类生活中反复的问题也在文学中不断重现,但因时代与作品的差异,答案也各不相同。

  如果你希望的话,读书也能充满乐趣。倘若你只读那些别人告诉你该读之书,那么你不太可能有乐趣可言。但如果你放下你不喜欢的书,试着阅读另外一本,直到你找到自己中意的,然后轻轻松松的读下去,差不多一定会乐在其中。而且当你通过阅读变得更加优秀,更加善良,更加文雅时,阅读便不再是一种折磨。

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