Passage Twenty (NCB in Interpol)
The organization known to the world as Interpol has sometimes been described as an outfit of chisel-jawed gimlet-eyed crime fighters who put their lives in jeopardy every working hour.Less flatteringly, Interpol has also been described as a huge filing cabinet, stuffed with clerks choking on their own statistics.
As with most generalities, there is some truth in both statements.There are, certainly, some grim battlers of crime to be found working with Interpol.There are, just as surely, those drones shuffling mountains of paper whose cheeks are sallow from indoor life.Consider the charisma of the name alone: INTERPOL, the international police force.Continents leaped in a single bound, oceans crossed in the space of a breath, villains watched by eyes that never sleep.Surprisingly, a lot of it happens almost that way.
Four groups coordinate and direct the activities of Interpol.One of them is the National Central Bureaus, or NCBs, bodies designated by the member nations to serve as their link with Interpol.These are the front-line troops, the action people.IN the United States, the Treasury Department is the National Central Bureau.In the United Kingdom, it is Scotland Yard; the Questura in Italy and the Melbourne City Police in Australia.Because police organization varies from country, the NCBs were established to act as the one special group to handle Interpol chores and unsure maximum cooperation between nations.Each NCB is usually an official government body with police powers if a country has only one central police authority, that body becomes the National Centre Bureau.Of course, any service appointed as an NCB is bound to its nation’s law and authority and retains its national title.
Each NCB is connected by radio to the regional station for its geographic zone.The regional stations are connected to the Central Station in France.The radio network is versatile.Network stations can monitor the Central station or any regional station.Because of this messages can be broadcast to more than one station at a time.A coding system determines the urgency of each message so that those with high priority can be given precedence.Besides, other communication tools, such as radio-teleprinters and phototelegraphy equipment.Permit rapid transfers of fingerprints and photographs.Sometimes ever more advanced technology is employed.When the police all over the world were looking for a Canadian named George Leray, they turned to the Early Bird Satellite.Leray had led his gang on a daring holdup of a Montreal bank and gotten away with $4 million.Scotland Yard broadcast Leray’s photo to the world by satellite.An American who saw the picture in Florida recognized Leray as a man who was living on a yacht in Fort Lauderdale under an assumed name.The police were alerted and arrested Leray.
1.What is the best title for this passage?
[A]The Function of the Interpol.
[B]The Quality of the Interpol.
[C]The Organization of the Interpol.
[D]The Rapid Development of the Interpol.
2.The organization of this passage is ___________
[A]general to specific.
[B]cause and effect.
[C]comparison and contrast.
3.The sentence “stuffed with clerks choking on their own statistics” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ___________
[A]a lot of employees busying in their work.
[B]many office workers busying with various documents.
[C]crowded with office workers busying with their own collected data.
[D]workers busying in their own information.
4.Which is the easiest tool to communicate?
7.choke 闷死 choking on their own statistics 被自己的统计数字弄的喘不过气来
8.as with most generalities 和大多数笼统说法一样
13.National Central Bureaus 国家中心局
14.Treasury Department 财政部(美)
18.to be bound to 受……的约束，义务，一定……
19.geographic zone 地区，地带
1.The organization known to the world as Interpol has sometimes been described as an outfit of chisel-jawed gimlet-eyed crime fighters who put their lives in jeopardy every working hour.Less flatteringly, Interpol has also been described as a huge filing cabinet, stuffed with clerks choking on their own statistics.
[结构简析] 两个句子都是被动语气，都有分词短语。前一句known 修饰organization，后一句stuffed 修饰 cabinet.
2.There are, certainly, some grim battlers of crime to be found working with Interpol.There are, just as surely, those drones shuffling mountains of paper whose cheeks are sallow from indoor life.
3.Continents leaped in a single bound, oceans crossed in the space of a breath, villains watched by eyes that never sleep.
[结构简析] 这是省略句。正常句型应该是Continents are leaped in…，Oceans are crossed in…, villains are watched by …。
4.These are the front-line troops, the action people.
B.因果 和 C.对比。 不对。 D.展开，任何文章都得展开。
A.有许多雇员忙于工作; B.许多办公室人员忙于各种文件; D.忙于自己信息的工人。 这三项都没有。
4.B.无线电通讯。纵然第四段内提及种种手段：卫星，无线电，打印机，传真电报。但无线电通讯仍是他们运用的最方便和最得力的工具，因为他们的无线电网络灵活多用，网络站能监控中央和各地区站点，而且一次能把信息传至好几台。至于卫星，电报，传真电报只是在特殊情况下运行，如快速传送照片，指纹等。所以A.卫星， C.无线电打印机， D.传真电报，不对。