英语专业八级改错突击练习题

时间:2017-07-27 编辑:素萍 手机版

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英语专业八级改错突击练习题

  part 1

  Artists use caricature to distort the human face or figure for comic affect, __1__while at the same time capturing an identifiable likeness and suggests the essence __2__of the personality or character beneath the surface. The humor lies in the fact __3__the caricature is recognizable, and yet exaggerated.

  From their origin in Europe as witty sketches, caricature grew through __4__the eighteenth and nineteenth century, becoming enormously popular in __5__ the United States early in this century. In 1920s and 1930s especially, this lively form of illustration was appeared in newspapers and __6__magazines throughout the country. The caricaturists in this era drew his __7__portraits of important figures primary to entertain. In spirit their work was __8__close to the humor of the fast-developing comic strip and gag cartoon than to the __9__string of political satire. Their subjects were more often amusing than offended __10__by amiable attacks.

  参考答案及解析:

  1. 将affect改为effectaffect是动词。effect是名词。

  2. 将suggests改为 suggesting这是一个以while引导的从句,其中suggest应该与capturing并列。

  3.在fact后面加上that因为引导同位语从句的关系词不可以省略。

  4. 将their改为its这里its指代单数名词caricature5. 将century改为复数形式6. 将was省略appear是不及物动词,不应用于被动语态。

  7. 将his改为their这里指代复数名词 the caricaturists8. 将primary改为primarilyprimarily在这里做状语,修饰不定式短语9. 将close改为比较级形式closer从后面的连词than,可以看出,这里使用了比较状语从句10. 将amusing改为 amused主语subject(受攻击的人)和amuse的逻辑关系是动宾关系,应使用过去分词形式。

  part 2

  DDT, the most powerful pesticide the world had ever known,exposed nature’s vulnerability. Unlike most pesticides, which effect- __1__ tiveness is limited to destroy one or two types of insects, DDT is __2__ capable of killing hundreds of different kinds at once. Developed in 1939, it first distinguished itself during the World War II, cleaning __3__ South Pacific islands of malaria-caused insects for U.S. troops, while __4__in Europe being used as an effective de-lousing power. Its inventor was awarded by the Nobel Prize. __5__ When DDT became available for civilian use in 1945, there were only a few people who expressed the second thought about this __6__ new miracle compound. One was nature writer Edwin Way Teale,who warned, “A spray as discriminate as DDT can upset the economy __7__ of nature of all insects are good, but if they are killed, things __8__ go out of kilter right away.” Another was Rachel Carson, who wrote to the Reader’s Digest to propose an article about series of __9__ tests on DDT being conducted not far from which she lived in Maryland. __10__

  参考答案:

  1.which—whose。whose在这里作关系限定词,与effectiveness构成名次词组在关系分句里作主语。whose的主语可以是人,也可以是物。

  2.destroy—destroying。be limited to 词组里的to并不是不定式标记to,而是介词to,要谨访介词to“冒充”不定式to。其他类似的词组还有be opposed to, object to, get used to等等。考试大

  3.cleaning—clearing。clean和clear这对形近而且意近的动词容易被混淆,但是clean指“使某地方没有灰尘,使干净”,而clear强调“清理不需要的东西,而且clear 可与of连用,而clean很少。(这两个词的改错之前也有遇到过,大家都要记住啦!)

  4.caused—causing。此句中malaria-causing insects 相当于insects that caused malaria,因此是主动关系,所以应选择-ing形式。

  5.by-/。the Nobel Prize实际上是award的另一个宾语,还原成主动结构是…awarded the inventor the Nobel Prize.所以这里应删掉by。

  6.the-/。短语second thought或second thoughts意为“仔细斟酌,三思”,如:Robert didn’t give a second thought to borrowing $2,000 from him.

  7.discriminate-indiscriminate。discriminate有“区别”之意,indiscriminate意为“不加以选择,不分青红皂白”。从上下文来看DDT的特点是没有分辨性:它既能杀死有害的昆虫又能杀死有益的昆虫。

  8.but-and/so。本句的两个意群的关系是顺接,不是转折,因此应选用顺接的连词,如and和so等。

  9.^series-a。series这个名词属于单数复数同形,它经常与a和of构成词组a series of表示“一系列的”。

  10.which-where。from这个介词后面应接一个介词表具体方位,因此这里只能用表方位的副词where。

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