大学英语专八考试改错试题模拟练习

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大学英语专八考试改错试题模拟练习

  Aimlessness has hardly been typical of the postwar Japan whoseproductivity and social harmony are the envy of the United Statesand Europe.But increasingly the Japanese is seeing a decline __1__of their traditional work-moral values. Ten years ago young people were hardworking and saw their jobs as their primary reason for being,but now Japan has large __2__fulfilled its economic needs, and young people don't know where they should go next.

  The coming of the age of the postwar baby boom and an entry of women into __3__the male-dominated job market has limited the opportunities of teen-agers who __4__are already questioning the heavy personalsacrifices involved climbing __5__Japan's rigid social ladder to good schools and jobs. In a recent survey,it was found that only 24.5percent Japanese students were fully satisfied with__6__ school life,compared with 67.2 percent of students in the United States.

  In addition, far more Japanese workers expressed dissatisfaction with their jobs thandid their counterparts in the 10 countries surveyed. While often__7__ praised by foreigners for its emphasis on the basics.

  Japanese education tends to stress test taking and mechanic learning __8__over creativity and self-expression. Last year Japan experienced 2,125incidentsof school violence, including 929 assaults on teachers.

  Amid the outcry, many conservative leaders are seeking a return to the prewaremphasis on moral education. Last year Mitsuo Detoyama,who was then educationminister, raised his eyebrow when he argued that liberal reforms introduced__9__ by the American occupation authorities after World War II had weakenedthe "Japanese morality of respect of parents." __10__

  答案:

  1.is--are.the加上形容词一类人的时候后面应用动词的复数形式,如:The old receive particular respect in Chinese society.

  2.large-largely.这里large是修饰fullfilled的,所以应改为largely,表示“大部分地”,如:The fundis largely financed through government borrowing.

  3.the(age)--/.动词词组come of age表示“已成年”,中间不用任何冠词,所以它一旦变为-ing形式仍然保持原样。另外要避免将原句误读成The coming of ,the age of the postwar baby boom,这样断句意思解释不通。考试.大4.has--have.有两个原因限制了青少年进好的学校找到好的工作,这两个原因由and连接作并列主语,所以谓语动词应该用复数。

  5.involved^--in.involved后面少了in,表示“关于,涉及到”,如All the children were involved in the school play.

  6.^Japanese--of.当percent做名词时,它后面应加上介词of,如:The report states that 42 percent of the alunmi contributed to the endowment. 当percent作形容词或者副词时,则不加of。如:There has been a ten percent increase in the number of new students arriving at polytechnic this year.

  7.^countries--other.从上句话中可知道Japan也参与了这次普查,因此在这句话里的比较结构中Japan应和其他10个同意参加普查的国家进行比较,所以应注明是10 other countries。考试.大8.mechanic--mechanical.mechanic是名词,表示“制造工,技工”,所以这里应把它改为mechanical表示“机械的”。

  9.eyebrow--eyebrows.to raise one's eyebrow 表示“(某事)引起(某人)的惊讶或不赞同”,如:He raised his eyebrows over some of the suggestions.

  10.of--for.respect 后面通常跟for接人,表示“对(某人)的尊重”,如:respect for the old

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