专四英语听力VOA常速练习辅导材料

时间:2017-05-22 编辑:素萍 手机版

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专四英语听力VOA常速练习辅导材料

  Presidential Election Campaigning Underway in Iowa

  Although the November 2016 presidential election is over a year and half away, campaigning to choose party nominees is already underway in Iowa - a key state because it holds a party caucus early in the election season.

  Though Cedar Falls, Iowa has a population just over 40,000, right now it is the epicenter of the race for the White House. Republican party presidential hopefuls are pressing the flesh (shaking hands with people) and answering voters' questions on issues ranging from immigration reform to marriage equality.

  “My biggest concern as a voter is that America has to come back to God," said Linda Morris.

  Republican voter Linda Morris was among a group attending a breakfast with candidate and former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee.

  “We have gone down the wrong path for the last eight years," she said.

  Conservative voter Curtis Bartlett agrees. He wants a president that can reverse escalating racial tensions in America.

  “I don’t understand why whites and blacks can’t get together and sit down and talk over what one person wants, the other person wants too," said Bartlett.

  Bartlett’s list of concerns also includes the debate over same-sex marriage.

  It’s an issue that attracted dozens of protestors outside Cedar Falls High School. Inside, Huckabee joined fellow presidential hopeful former Senator Rick Santorum on stage to speak with conservative voters who oppose same-sex marriage.

  “I don’t think it’s that big of an issue," said Lynn Brant.

  As a Democrat, Lynn Brant supports same-sex marriage. In his party, the leading presidential contender is former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who also visited Cedar Falls to interact with potential supporters.

  “It looks like Hillary might be a shoo-in, but I hope not. I hope that there is a debate that she will have to defend herself and the Democrats will have a choice," said Brant.

  Iowa matters for these candidates because it is the first state to hold an election, called a caucus. The results can either boost or sink aspirations for the White House early in an election year depending on who wins or loses.

  For Republicans this year, Iowa is the place where they can build name recognition and momentum ahead of the caucus. But the growing field of candidates all vying for attention and campaign funding concerns Curtis Bartlett.

  “Because are you going to wipe out somebody who could be a good candidate right away because they can’t get the finances?" Asked Bartlett.

  More finances means more advertising, and in an election expected to break all previous records for money spent, every dollar counts.

  词汇解析

  immediate

  难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

  英汉解释

  adj.直接的;最接近的;立即的;目前的

  参考例句

  用作形容词 (adj.)

  The evidence has no immediate bearing on the case.

  该证据与本案无直接关系。

  Today's immediate problem is one of distribution of both food and income.

  目前面临的紧迫问题是食物分配和收入分配问题。

  ************************

  tragedy

  难度:3星常用词汇,属常用6000词

  英汉解释

  n.悲剧;灾难;惨事

  参考例句

  用作名词 (n.)

  This recent tragedy has put the manufacturersof the drug squarely in the dock.

  新近发生的这一悲惨事件使药品厂商受到指控。

  It was a tragedy that she died so young.

  她这么年轻就去世,真是太不幸了。

  ************************

  flesh

  难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

  英汉解释

  n.肉;肉体;人类

  v.充实;变胖

  参考例句

  用作名词 (n.)

  The knife cut the flesh of his arm.

  小刀把他胳膊上的肉割破了。

  用作动词 (v.)

  Examples were used to flesh out the skeleton of the argument.

  通过例证使干巴巴的论点充实起来。

  ************************

  substantial

  难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

  英汉解释

  adj.大量的;坚固的;实质的;可观的

  n.本质;重要部份

  参考例句

  用作形容词 (adj.)

  New economic development policies led to substantial and rapid growth.

  新的经济发展政策带来了快速和大量的增长。

  Substantial profits accrue when sales take off.

  当销售额突飞猛进之后,可观的利润就开始自然累积。

  ************************

  candidate

  难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

  英汉解释

  n.候选人;应试者

  参考例句

  用作名词 (n.)

  He made several favorable comments about their candidate.

  他对他们的候选人发表了一些有利的评论。

  Most candidates passed in grammar.

  参加考试的人大多数语法及格。

  ************************

  sophisticated

  英汉解释

  adj.老练的;精密的;复杂的;久经世故的

  参考例句

  用作形容词 (adj.)

  She is such a sophisticated woman that she saw through his trick at the first sight.

  她是个十分老练的女人,她一眼就看穿了他的把戏。

  The publisher's techniques for the promotion of his books have become increasingly sophisticated since the 1950s.

  自20世纪50年代以来,出版商推销书籍的方式愈加复杂。

  ************************

  oppose

  难度:4星核心词汇,属常用3000词

  英汉解释

  v.反对;对抗;使对立

  参考例句

  用作动词 (v.)

  It was courageous of him to oppose his chief.

  他敢反对他的上司,真是勇敢。

  We're firmly opposed to the practice of powerpolitics between nations.

  我们强烈反对在国与国之间实行强权政治。

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