Most young people enjoy some form of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some kind—football, hockey, golf, or tennis. It may be mountaineering.
Those who have a passion for climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon withastonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer and hardship, and to take risks on high mountains? This astonishment is caused probably by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure.
Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of a different kind which it would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineeringattractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods.
If we compare mountaineering and other more familiar sports, we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a "team game". We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no " matches" between "teams" of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obvious teamwork.
The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities.
A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year after year. A skier (滑雪手) is probably past his best by the age of thirty, and most international tennis champions are in their early twenties. But it is not unusual for a man of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they probably climb with more skill and less waste of efforts, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.
1. Mountaineering involves_______.
A. cold B. hardship
C. physical risk D. all of the above
2. The difference between a sport and a game has to do with the kind of
A. activity B. rules
C. uniform D. participants
3. Mountaineering can be called a team sport because
A. it is an Olympic event
B. teams compete against each other
C. mountaineers depend on each other while climbing
D. there are 5 climbers in each team
4. Mountaineers compete against_______.
A. nature B. each other
B. other teams D: international standards
5. The best title for the passage is_______.
A. Mountaineering Is Different from Golf and Football
B. Mountaineering Is More Attractive than Other Sports
D. Mountain Climbers
1.D 2.B 3.C 4.A 5.C