大学英语TEM4语言知识基础练习附答案

时间:2017-07-27 编辑:素萍 手机版

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大学英语TEM4语言知识基础练习附答案

  1. __D__ plastics, the machine is light in weight.

  A. To make of B. To be made of

  C. Having made of D. Made of

  1. D)

  【句意】 这台机器是塑料制成的,所以很轻。

  【难点】 分词结构置于句首,往往表示主句动作或行为的原因。动词不定式置于句首,往往作目的状语。本句中主句的主语和原因状语部分的动词的逻辑主语一致,故后者的动词部分应该使用被动语态,所以只有D)正确。

  2. “___A_ all three people in the car injured in the accident?”

  “No,____only the two passengers who got hurt.”

  A. Were/it was B. Are/there is

  C. Were/it were D. Was/there was

  2. A)

  【句意】 “在这次事故中三个人全都受伤了吗?”“没有,只有两名乘客受了伤”。

  【难点】 问句中的three people要求用复数谓语动词,由于动作发生在过去,所以选were。答句中用了强调结构,即It was +sb.+who(that)从句。

  3. ___B_is to be in the flowing “river” of bears.

  A. Stand on the tip of the cape

  B. To stand on the tip of the cape

  C. Standing on the tip of the cape

  D. Being standing on the tip of the cape

  3. B)

  【句意】 站在海岬的顶端实际上就是站在流动的熊河里。

  【难点】 动词不定式和动名词都可以作主语,但在主系表结构的句子中,如果表语为动词不定式,则主语也应为动词不定式;如果表语为动名词,则主语也应为动名词,二者必须统一。

  4. The speech which he made __D__ the football match bored a lot of fans to death.

  A. being concerned B. be concerned

  C. concerned D. concerning

  4. D)

  【句意】 他就本次足球赛所做的讲话令许多球迷烦得要死。

  【难点】 本句中缺少一个介词,四个选项中只有D)可以用作介词,意为“有关,关于”,相当于about。

  5. ____ in an atmosphere of simple living was what his parents wished for.

  A. He was educated B. He educated

  C. His being educated D. He to be educated

  5. C)

  【句意】 他在一种简朴生活的氛围中受教育正是他父母所希望的。

  【难点】 本句的主语是一个带有逻辑主语的动名词短语,即C)。全句总体结构为主系表。

  6. No sooner __D__ than he realized that he should have remained silent.

  A. the words had spoken B. had the words spoken

  C. the words had been spoken D. had the words been spoken

  6. D)

  【句意】 话一出口,他就意识到他应该保持沉默。

  【难点】 no sooner …than常译为“一…就”,为一固定的搭配。如果no sooner 置于句首,则从句的主语和谓语必须倒装,在以上结构中,主句一般用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时,所以选项D)正确。

  7. He went out of the General Manager’s office, looking as if he __D__.

  A. has been severely punished

  B. were severely punished

  C. was severely punished

  D. had been severely punished

  7. D)

  【句意】 他走出总经理办公室,看起来好像受到了严厉的惩罚。

  【难点】 look as if +从句这种结构,从句中的谓语一般用虚拟式,如谓语的形式为过去时,则表示与现在的事实相反,如谓语的形式为过去完成时,则表示与过去的事实相反。

  8. The factory manager and secretary __A__ our party.

  A. is to attend B. are to attend

  C. were to attend D. is attended

  8. A)

  【句意】 厂长兼书记来参加我们的聚会。

  【难点】 英语中,如果两个以上的名词前面只有一个定冠词the,则可认定指的是一个人或物;如果这种结构作主语,谓语动词必须用单数形式。

  9. This project is known to _C___ for three months.

  A. having been going on B. go on

  C. have been going on D. be going on

  9. C)

  【句意】 据悉这项工程已进行了三个月了。

  【难点】因为for three months是个与完成时连用的状语,且to为不定式符号,所以选C),即不定式的完成进行时。

  10. __B__ the car accident, they would have arrived earlier.

  A. Except for B. But for C. Besides D. Save for

  10. B)

  【句意】 要不是那场车祸,他们可能早就到了。

  【难点】 But for 常与后边的名词或代词连用,用于表达虚拟的条件。 其他选项无此功能。

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