全国英语专业四级考试语言知识练习题

时间:2017-07-27 编辑:素萍 手机版

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全国英语专业四级考试语言知识练习题

  1. It was dark in the cave so she ____a match. A. struck B. hit C. fired D. burned

  2. Mary will not be able to come to the birthday party as she is ____with a cold.

  A. aid out B. laid up C. laid by D. laid down

  3. She often says her greatest happiness ____serving the handicapped children.

  A.relies on B. consists in C. composes of D. comprises in

  4. To make this ____clear we shall have to look closely into biology’s long history.

  A.distinction B. indication C. recognition D. constitution

  5. Most importantly, such an experience helps ____ a heightened sensitivity to other cultures and will bring about a greater appreciation of one’s own culture as well.

  A. coach B. forsake C. foster D.censor

  6. When Ann broke the dish she tried to put the ____ back together.

  A. fragments B. pieces C. bits D. slices

  7. Jane tried to ____the doorman with money, but she failed.

  A. bribe B. corrupt C. award D. endow

  8. Classification is a useful____to the organization of knowledge in any field.

  A. means B. approach C. mode D. manner

  9. The human race has already paid a heavy price for its slow ____ to environmental threats.

  A. response B. responsibility C. resolution D. resistance

  10. We have a high regard for Prof. Joseph because he always ____ his principles.

  A. lives on B. lives up to C. lives through D. lives with

  答案解析

  1. A) 【句意】岩洞里很黑,她燃着了一根火柴。

  【难点】strike 意为“擦(火柴)”,其它几个词不能和matches搭配。

  2. B) 【句意】玛丽不能来参加生日晚会了,因为她患了感冒,卧床在家。

  【难点】lay up 意为“因痛(或伤残)卧床”,常用被动语态; lay out 意为“摆出,展开”;lay by 意为“储存”;lay down意为“牺牲,献出”。

  3. B) 【句意】她常说她最大的快乐在于为残疾儿童服务。

  【难点】consist in 意为“在于,存在于”;rely on 意为“依靠,依赖”;be composed of 意为“由构成”;comprise 意为“由组成;构成”。

  4. A) 【句意】为了搞清楚这一差别,我们必须认真地审视一下生物学发展的漫长历史。

  【难点】distinction意为“区别;差异”;indication意为“标示,迹象”;recognition意为“(正式的)承认,认可,认知”;constitution意为“宪法,体制”。

  5. C) 【句意】最重要的是,这样的经历能促进人们对其它文化的感受性,并使他们更欣赏自己的文 化。

  【难点】foster意为“培养,促进,助长”;coach意为“训练,指导”;forsake意为“遗弃,抛弃”;censor意为“审查,检查”。

  6. A) 【句意】安把盘子打碎后,想把碎片再合在一起。

  【难点】fragment 意为“碎片,碎块”;piece意为“块,片”;bit意为“小片;小段”;slice意为“薄片;切片”。

  7. A) 【句意】简企图用钱贿赂看门人,但失败了。

  【难点】bribe 意为“收买;hui”;corrupt意为“腐蚀,使堕落”;award意为“授予(奖品等);给予”;endow意为“资助,捐赠”。

  8. B)【句意】分类是组织任何领域知识内容的有效方式。

  【难点】approach作“方式,方法;态度”讲时,后接介词to,其它几个词没有这种用法。

  9. A) 【句意】人类已为他们对环境威胁作出的迟缓反应付出了重大代价。

  【难点】response意为“反应”后接介词to ;responsibility意为“责任”;resolution意为“决心,决定”;resistance意为“抵抗”。

  10. B) 【句意】我们十分尊重约瑟夫教授,因为他总是信守原则。

  【难点】live up to 意为“遵守,实践(诺言,原则)”;live on 意为“以为生”;live through意为“度过,经历过”;live with 意为“忍受;容忍”。


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